The book is a joint venture by a former judicial trainer-cum-legal academic, a former judge, and a former advocate. The authors have been instrumental in designing and conducting training and continuing education programmes for judges of the subordinate courts. It is a result of the deeply felt concern of the authors about the declining standard of adjudication in trial courts in India. The book is divided into four parts, part one deals with Essential Concepts, part two deals with Making of a Civil Judge-Some Constructive Thoughts, part three deals with Adjudication in Criminal Courts and part four deals with Special Courts. This is a compact and handy reference book for all future as well as present judges and judicial officers, and will be an ideal supplement to the training material used by the Judicial Training Academies.