He was chief secretary of U.P. in the period immediately after the Babri Masjid incident. He rose to the post of Cabinet Secretary in Government of India, the highest civil service position in the government, and worked under three prime ministers in this capacity.
In the six decades since India?s ?tryst with destiny?, we have taken many wrong turns. Public service has become private profit, corruption is normal and we struggle to provide basic services such as education and healthcare to our citizens-that is, governance has collapsed. However, there is cause for cheer. India has a young upwardly mobile population, restless for change. We are at a turning point, but will we lose our way again?