Dr Biswarup Banerjee did his schooling in Delhi and went on to attend St. Stephen's College, Delhi. His thesis advisor at Heidelberg, Germany, was the Nobel laureate professor J.H.D. Jensen. He later joined the Theoretical Physics Group in the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai and worked there till his retirement. His research work has been mainly in the fields of theoretical nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics. He has been a visiting scientist/professor at the universities of Munich, Oxford, Paris, Pisa, California (Berkeley) and Chicago among others.
Nuclear Power in India: A Critical History is an unbiased account of the trials and tribulations faced by Indian scientists while working on the country's nuclear power programme, engrossingly tracing how engineers had to come not just technical snags, but also political ambitions, before they succeeded in testing two powerful nuclear bombs in 1974 and 1998.